Cataract is a form of aging of the eye caused by a clouding of the natural lens. It can be a congenital condition, caused by certain medications, and trauma. Once a cataract has become significant enough that it affects a person’s daily life or hinders a person from enjoying their hobbies due to poor vision, it is time to consider cataract surgery.
Today, cataract surgery is accomplished very quickly with a speedy recovery period and minimal discomfort. The lens of the eye sits in a thin bag inside the interior of the eye called the capsule. An incision is made in the cornea either by hand or by laser, the surgeon then removes the anterior capsule, breaks apart the hardened lens and replaces it with a clear artificial lens inside the capsule. There are a variety of options for cataract surgery out there and the ophthalmologist can give more insight into these options. These artificial lenses cannot develop cataracts.
Then, what could cause the patient’s blurred vision? In a small percentage of patients, the cells that are left inside the posterior portion of the capsule begin to multiply causing an opacity that will blur vision. This condition is sometimes referred to as an “after cataract”. Luckily, a laser procedure is done to break apart this clouding and restore cleared vision.
If the cataract surgery is fast and painless, then the YAG laser is even easier. A numbing drop is instilled about half an hour prior to the procedure as well as a dilating drop so the laser can reach the posterior capsule through the pupil. A second numbing drop is administered, the patient places its head in front of the laser machine and after just a few seconds and a few zaps the cells are obliterated.
Directly after the procedure intraocular pressure is checked to ensure it has not spiked and the patient is sent home. Vision generally clears within the next couple of days.
Bojan Kozomara (Banjaluka, 30. decembra 1978) je doktor medicine, specijalista oftamologije i direktor specijalne oftalmološke bolnice Svjetlost Banja Luka.
U svom rodnom gradu završio je Gimnaziju i Medicinski fakultet, a 2009. godine specijalizovao se za oblast oftamologije. 2016. godine postao je magistar medicinskih nauka iz oblasti oftamologije, a svoju profesiju usavršio je na Klinici za očne bolesti, VMA Beograd, Srbija, te na Klinici Oculistica Universita „Careggi“, u Firenci, Italija. Nakon završene specijalizacije u Italiji, odlučio se vratiti u rodnu Banjaluku i tu pokrenuti privatnu kliniku, koja će za vrlo kratko vrijeme postati popularna i prepoznatljiva u regionu, ali i svijetu.